ANGLE / Hiroyuki Arima + Urban Fourth

first_imgArchDaily Projects Year:  Photographs Area:  496 m² Year Completion year of this architecture project “COPY” 2016 ANGLE / Hiroyuki Arima + Urban Fourth Houses CopyHouses•Fukuoka, Japan Save this picture!© Kenichi Suzuki+ 35 Share ANGLE / Hiroyuki Arima + Urban FourthSave this projectSaveANGLE / Hiroyuki Arima + Urban Fourth Photographs:  Kenichi Suzuki Site Area:502.68 m2Building Area:229.17 m2Architect In Charge:Hiroyuki ArimaCity:FukuokaCountry:JapanMore SpecsLess SpecsSave this picture!© Kenichi SuzukiText description provided by the architects. These days, we are losing focus of our main theme. Perhaps we need to include the surrounding margins when we address the meanings of virtualized space.Save this picture!© Kenichi Suzuki”…If our experience of reality is to maintain its consistency, the positive field of reality has to be “sutured” with a supplement which the subject (mis)perceives as a positive entity but is effectively a “negative magnitude.” – Slavoj ZizekSave this picture!© Kenichi SuzukiThe sire is only a few minutes walk from the Ohori Park, where the outer moat of the Fukuoka Castle used to stand during the 1600s. Today, the area has become community park with a perimeter of about 2km, enjoyed by locals as a place for talking, running, and cycling. The park is also a cultural region containing an art museum, Noh theater, gallery, and restaurant. Save this picture!DiagramFollowing this context, the first floor and courtyard were designed as a gallery the embraces the concept of “beautiful cars as a lifestyle.” The house centers around the courtyard that features a selection o attractive trees such as oak, maple, katsura, and ash, and is designed so that it is disconnected from the outside world. The floor and wall surfaces that face the courtyard, however, have different angles in various places to transform and spread light. Various spaces surround the courtyard in a U-shape throughout the three levels, each offering a view of the inside that can be seen from the different zones. The surrounding environment is monotonous with clustering mid-rise structures, and the project has no distant views. The design emphatically focuses n defining the house as a distinctive couple cut off from the ordinary foreground, and to explicitly yet reasonably screen its environment. While functional, both interior ad exterior spaces of ANGLE contain fluctuation and variations in many places. Volumes eoxand, contract, and continue, and the project becomes unified, through the use of material and texture . The couple, the children, and the grandmother. Each member of the family enjoys life ; according to their own taste and style.Save this picture!© Kenichi SuzukiProject gallerySee allShow lessMaslak No.1 Office Tower / EAA – Emre Arolat ArchitectureSelected ProjectsBomBom Boutique Hotel / Architecture Studio YEINSelected Projects Share “COPY” Architects: Hiroyuki Arima + Urban Fourth Area Area of this architecture project ShareFacebookTwitterPinterestWhatsappMailOrhttps://www.archdaily.com/800154/angle-hiroyuki-arima-plus-urban-fourth Clipboard ShareFacebookTwitterPinterestWhatsappMailOrhttps://www.archdaily.com/800154/angle-hiroyuki-arima-plus-urban-fourth Clipboard CopyAbout this officeHiroyuki Arima + Urban FourthOfficeFollowProductConcrete#TagsProjectsBuilt ProjectsSelected ProjectsResidential ArchitectureHousesFukuokaJapanPublished on November 30, 2016Cite: ” ANGLE / Hiroyuki Arima + Urban Fourth” 29 Nov 2016. ArchDaily. Accessed 11 Jun 2021. ISSN 0719-8884Read commentsBrowse the CatalogPanels / Prefabricated AssembliesTechnowoodGRP Siding Façade SystemPlasticsMitrexSolar SidingMetal PanelsAurubisCopper Alloy: Nordic RoyalSystems / Prefabricated PanelsKalwall®Translucent WalkwaysPanels / Prefabricated AssembliesIsland Exterior FabricatorsSpecialty Facade SystemsLightsLouis PoulsenLamps – LP Slim BoxWoodBruagAcoustic Panels with LEDTiles / Mosaic / GresiteHisbalitMosaic Tiles – Palm SpringsMineral / Organic PaintsKEIMBlack Concrete – Concretal®-BlackSuspension SystemsMetawellAluminum Panels for Smart CeilingsDoorsGorter HatchesFloor Door – Fire RatedBricksDEPPEWaterstruck Bricks – 1622/1635ekws DFMore products »Read commentsSave世界上最受欢迎的建筑网站现已推出你的母语版本!想浏览ArchDaily中国吗?是否翻译成中文现有为你所在地区特制的网站?想浏览ArchDaily中国吗?Take me there »✖You’ve started following your first account!Did you know?You’ll now receive updates based on what you follow! Personalize your stream and start following your favorite authors, offices and users.Go to my stream Japanlast_img read more

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Kate Garraway is ambassador for CARE’s lendwithcare.org

first_imgAid agency CARE International UK has announced that daytime TV presenter Kate Garraway is to act as an ambassador of its new micro-lending website lendwithcare.org.The website lets people lend from as little as £15 to entrepreneurs in the world’s poorest countries, to help get their business plans off the ground. The micro-lender’s contribution is then repaid at the end of the loan, or they can choose to re-invest in another would-be entrepreneur, or the can donate to CARE’s work.Garraway said: “I was really drawn to this campaign because, having recently set up the discount website goodypass.com, I have become an entrepreneur myself and so I can appreciate how hard and frustrating it must be for those who are living in poverty and trying to set up a business, with no access to any financial services or other support.”“The lendwithcare.org website gives people access to finance, as people like us invest in their business by sending them as little as £15. I want to encourage as many people as possible in the UK to lend their money to some of these people, to give them the opportunity of providing a better future for themselves and their families.”The entrepreneur receives 100% of the loan that they requested; no administrative charges are deducted from the entrepreneur’s loan.www.lendwithcare.org  76 total views,  1 views today AddThis Sharing ButtonsShare to TwitterTwitterShare to FacebookFacebookShare to LinkedInLinkedInShare to EmailEmailShare to WhatsAppWhatsAppShare to MessengerMessengerShare to MoreAddThis Kate Garraway is ambassador for CARE’s lendwithcare.org AddThis Sharing ButtonsShare to TwitterTwitterShare to FacebookFacebookShare to LinkedInLinkedInShare to EmailEmailShare to WhatsAppWhatsAppShare to MessengerMessengerShare to MoreAddThis Howard Lake | 3 January 2011 | News Tagged with: Celebrity Digital Individual giving microdonations About Howard Lake Howard Lake is a digital fundraising entrepreneur. Publisher of UK Fundraising, the world’s first web resource for professional fundraisers, since 1994. Trainer and consultant in digital fundraising. Founder of Fundraising Camp and co-founder of GoodJobs.org.uk. Researching massive growth in giving.last_img read more

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Trump administration takes war on women to the U.N.

first_imgPresident Donald Trump took his war on the rights of women and gender-nonconforming people to the U.N. the week of April 22. It’s bitterly ironic that the Trump administration threatened to veto the U.N. resolution on ending sexual violence during wars and hostile conflicts if the U.N. did not go along with its anti-women, anti-gender-oppressed agenda.Reproductive rights protesters chant, “Get up! Get down! New York is a pro-choice town” on May 4.The initial draft of the resolution read: “United Nations entities and donors to provide non-discriminatory and comprehensive health services, including sexual and reproductive health, psychosocial, legal and livelihood support and other multi-sectoral services for survivors of sexual violence, taking into account the specific needs of persons with disabilities.”The Trump administration demanded that the phrase “sexual and reproductive health” be deleted because it could be interpreted as supporting the right to abortion. Even after the German representative who introduced the resolution agreed to take out that phrase, the U.S. then objected to the original phrase, “comprehensive health services,” in the original 2008 resolution.After all reference to health care was deleted from the final resolution — as well as “comprehensive sexuality education,” which would protect the rights of gay, transgender and gender nonconforming people — it was passed by a vote of 13 members of the Security Council, including the U.S., no votes against, with Russia and China abstaining.But there was immediate worldwide push back. Not only did representatives of Germany, Belgium, Britain and France speak forcefully against U.S. bullying, but so did many representatives of the 90 countries participating in the meeting. Calling the U.S. position “intolerable and incomprehensible,” France’s U.N. Ambassador Francois Delattre stated, “Women and girls who suffered from sexual violence in conflict, and who obviously didn’t choose to become pregnant, should have the right to terminate their pregnancy.”In addition to diplomats, other prominent people spoke out against the U.S. policy, including German Foreign Minister Heiko Mass and actor Angelina Jolie in an April 22 Washington Post op-ed.The two people awarded the 2018 Nobel Peace Prize, Nadia Murad, a survivor of the Islamic State group’s enslavement of Yazidi women and girls in Iraq, and Denis Mukwege, a Congolese gynecologist, issued a statement: “There is simply no excuse for continuing to fail those who have already been victimized, as well as those who continue to be at risk of devastating levels of sexual violence in conflict.” Although the aim of the resolution was to end “the heinous, barbaric and all-too-often silent phenomenon of sexual violence during conflict” and adopt a survivor-centric approach, all references to expanding U.N. monitoring to track violations of the resolution were expunged from the final text. Russia, China and the U.S. opposed such language. English barrister Amal Clooney urged the Security Council to prosecute members of the Islamic State group for war crimes, just as high-level officials in the Nazi party were prosecuted after World War II. “This is your Nuremberg moment,” she stressed. The National Organization for Women issued a strong statement on April 23 reminding readers of Trump’s first act in 2017: reinstating the so-called “global gag rule,” which bars all federal funding for international organizations that provide abortion counseling — even if they also provide nutrition and hygiene; treatment for malaria, tuberculosis and tropical diseases; and maternal and children’s health care. Aid groups condemn this rule, which reflects the far-right, religious conservatism of Trump appointees in the Department of Health and Human Services, saying it is already undermining overall global health care and results in more abortions and increased maternal and child mortality.  It is reprehensible that the U.S. is able to bully the rest of the world to fall into lockstep behind its totally misogynous, insensitive policies that do irreparable harm to women, girls, men, their families and communities worldwide. The ball is in the court of all who oppose the racist, sexist, anti-LGBTQ2S, capitalist patriarchy of the 1% who control this country. On with the struggle to wipe out Trump and all his bourgeois ruling-class perpetrators of war and rape.FacebookTwitterWhatsAppEmailPrintMoreShare thisFacebookTwitterWhatsAppEmailPrintMoreShare thislast_img read more

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STEM workers join call to ‘Strike for Black Lives’

first_imgOn June 10, thousands of STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering and Math) educators and workers around the U.S. and worldwide organized the #ShutDownSTEM and #ShutDownAcademia one-day work stoppage in solidarity with the ongoing Black uprising. Grassroots Black gender-oppressed STEM organizers galvanized their co-workers to join in the nationwide call for #AStrikeForBlackLives. Panelists from VanguardSTEM event.STEM has been a uniquely privileged field for years, exhibiting many of the most anti-Black exclusionary practices, while commanding many of the highest salaries and creating profoundly dangerous technologies. Much of the STEM industry operates in direct or implicit relationships with the U.S. Department of Defense to support the U.S. empire — developing bombs, missiles, chemical and biological weapons. More recently, STEM has shifted to developing technology for surveillance and social control. Increasingly, STEM fields exercise more economic control, too, as Wall Street turns to computational methods of reallocating resources into the pockets of the ruling class.Enough is enough! After years of organizing with the people in the streets, STEM workers said, “No more!” on June 10. They took a day away from their normal activities to reassess their relationships with powerful groups. They trained in combating anti-Blackness within their field and took up their impact on society.  The workers began the process of developing a restorative relationship with the people and the communities they have harmed.The one-day strike was conceived of as a collaboration between two groups, Particles for Justice and VanguardSTEM. Particles for Justice organizes the STEM sector as a multiracial collective of STEM educators and workers that is explicitly centered on its Black members. VanguardSTEM is a majority Black collective of nonbinary people and women of color that hosts a web series of panelists who share techniques and practice to use STEM as a tool for social justice.The organizers recognized the profound power that workers, specifically workers in fields valued by U.S. imperialists, exercise with respect to ruling-class anti-Blackness. Using their many organizational connections, organizers reached millions of workers who took part in the effort and have begun to take action in the pursuit of Black Liberation.  Researchers deeply embedded in the cult of white supremacy have begun efforts to educate themselves about the true nature of U.S. imperialism, and they are incorporating this information into their decisions about funding, research directions and workplace relationships.  An immediate step the researchers took was to organize community and workplace fundraisers to aid those struggling in the streets. Donations go into bail and bond funds, COVID-relief funds or help with the distribution of essential goods by groups such as Food Not Bombs. It is refreshing that so many workers show a preference for providing food aid to communities, when they work for an industry that has historically produced weapons of destruction. While it remains to be seen what the full impact of the #ShutdownSTEM effort will be, it definitely was a powerful display of solidarity. The action may lead to some meaningful change in material conditions, and it will serve as a preview of the power of a united working class as the uprisings continue.Shut down STEM! Shut down academia! Strike for Black lives! FacebookTwitterWhatsAppEmailPrintMoreShare thisFacebookTwitterWhatsAppEmailPrintMoreShare thislast_img read more

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CASA of Tarrant County advocates for children in foster care

first_imgTwitter The Tarrant County Courthouse. Photo from Fort Worth Weekly + posts ReddIt Taylor Boserhttps://www.tcu360.com/author/taylor-boser/ TCU places second in the National Student Advertising Competition, the highest in school history printAdvocating for children in foster care allows volunteers from Court Appointed Special Advocates (CASA) to stand up for a child who can’t speak for themselves.CASA of Tarrant County advocates for children in foster care. Photo from CASA of Tarrant County FacebookCASA are volunteers who get paired with a child in foster care and advocate for abused or neglected children, according to their website.In 2018, 5,842 children in Tarrant County were victims of child abuse and neglect, and 685 of these children were removed from their homes and placed in foster care, according to their website. CASA of Tarrant County had 481 volunteers that served a total of 1,155 children in 2018, according to their website.April is National Child Abuse Prevention Month, and CASA of Tarrant County looks to bring more awareness to children in need.Catelyn Devlin is a CASA grant writer and TCU graduate. Photo from Catelyn DevlinBeing a CASA volunteer requires a 12-18 month time commitment, the average length of a court case, according to Catelyn Devlin, CASA grant writer. She said those volunteering to be an advocate should honor that time commitment.“We don’t want another adult coming in and out of a child’s life,” Devlin said.Volunteers spend 12-15 hours per month working as an advocate, according to their website.Devlin said this could include attending parent-child visits, going to a foster home, going to the child’s basketball game or art fair, visiting them at school, talking to their teachers and checking-in with their counselors. CASA advocates receive training before being assigned to their first case. Training includes learning about courtroom procedures and the consequences of abuse and neglect, according to their website.Peggy Conway is a CASA volunteer advocate and a TCU graduate. Photo from Peggy ConwayPeggy Conway, a volunteer advocate and TCU graduate, is working on her first case and said the training was “pretty intensive.”“We learn so much about how trauma impacts children, not just emotionally, but physically and in their development,” she said.Training can happen after work hours or on Saturdays, and there is some homework, Conway said. There is also on-going training for volunteers.Abdel Casiano is a volunteer advocate and a TCU graduate. Photo from Abdel CasinoAbdel Casiano, a volunteer advocate and TCU graduate, became involved with CASA after interning with them. He is currently working on his third case.He has worked with young children and teenagers, and he has learned that each situation needs its own approach.“Between teenagers and young kids, it’s definitely different,” he said. “Often times, teenagers aren’t getting adopted, so what happens is the name of the game becomes, well, how do we prepare them for adulthood?”Working as a CASA volunteer with younger kids requires volunteers to focus on other goals.“Our kids oftentimes have a better chance at getting adopted,” Casiano said. “With our kids, the process becomes different, where a teenager is more vocal and will tell you how they feel, what is happening with a child, you have to really focus on body language and what they are saying with their faces, do they look healthy? Is everything okay?”The advocates do not have to do everything on their own, though, as they each have a CASA supervisor to lean on if they are in need of help.“I use my CASA supervisor on a regular basis, and I meet with that person at least once a month,” Conway said. Conway has seen the reward for the children from being a volunteer.“Now they’re in stable environments where they know their needs are going to be met, and their emotional needs are going to be met, and now they can blossom, where before that was not the case,” she said. “You just see them grow and relax and be kids.”Casiano also emphasized how important it is to advocate for the children.“If you probably add up all your Netflix time or time you spend on YouTube or Instagram or Facebook, like an hour gone, that’s an hour you could’ve done a quick visit to a child placement center that has to be done every month or a quick phone call to the attorney that has to be done every three months,” Casiano said.To find out more information on becoming a volunteer, you can attend a one-hour informational session or visit their website. Linkedin Taylor Boserhttps://www.tcu360.com/author/taylor-boser/ Facebook Twitter Ash Wednesday marks start of Lent Majority of faculty votes yes on DEI ballot Taylor Boserhttps://www.tcu360.com/author/taylor-boser/ Linkedin Taylor Boserhttps://www.tcu360.com/author/taylor-boser/ Facebook Previous articleHoroscope: April 3, 2019Next articleWhat we’re reading: A first for Chicago Taylor Boser RELATED ARTICLESMORE FROM AUTHOR Counseling available as TCU mourns a student’s death Taylor Boser ReddIt Listen: Celebrity Dish (Season 2): Episode 3 World Oceans Day shines spotlight on marine plastic pollution I am a senior journalism major from the great city of Chicago. Watching E! News while eating a Chipotle burrito is my favorite pastime. Go Cowboys! Welcome TCU Class of 2025last_img read more

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In Warsaw, RSF urges Polish government to stop gagging media

first_img Demonstration in support of the press in Warsaw in December 2016 / AFP Organisation May 10, 2021 Find out more News February 22, 2017 In Warsaw, RSF urges Polish government to stop gagging media June 2, 2021 Find out more Reporters Without Borders (RSF) was in Warsaw yesterday to tell the Polish government about its recommendations with regard to media freedom and to urge the European Union to sanction Poland if it continues on its current anti-democratic path.“We have come to offer our support to Polish journalists who try to keep working despite all the harassment and to remind everyone of our constant fight for the free, honest and impartial media that the public needs,” RSF secretary-general Christophe Deloire told a gathering of Polish media representatives in downtown Warsaw.Deloire went on to spell out what must be done to end the many media freedom violations perpetrated by the government led by the ultra-conservative Law and Justice party (PiS) since taking office in October 2015.Laws adopted by the PiS government have curtailed media independence and have undermined the values on which the European Union is based ­– including freedom, democracy, the rule of law and pluralism.After turning the state media into propaganda tools, the government set about strangling newspapers opposed to its reforms. Some of these newspapers, such as the opposition daily Gazeta Wyborcza, are now in financial straits after being deprived of advertising by state agencies. Gazeta Wyborcza had to lay off about 20% of its employees at the end of 2016 because of a fall in revenue.Poland’s journalists are also concerned about plans to “re-Polishize” the country’s media. Many of Poland’s media outlets and media groups are largely owned by foreign capital and some of Law and Justice’s leaders think they don’t do enough to defend “Polish values.”RSF’s visit to Warsaw comes two months after Brussels submitted recommendations to the Polish government for preserving the rule of law. As the government rejected these recommendations outright on 20 February, RSF urges the EU to use the legal tools at its disposal to sanction Poland.“Today in Warsaw, Reporters Without Borders calls on the European Commission not to betray its own values and to continue the fight by adopting sanctions,” Deloire added. “We want to be a thorn in the side of the Polish authorities, constantly pressing them to respect media freedom.” In October 2016, RSF became one of the first NGOs to call for the use of Article 7 of the Treaty on European Union, under which the European Council can suspend some of the rights of an EU member state that commits grave and repeated violations of fundamental EU values.Poland is ranked 47th out of 180 countries in RSF’s 2016 World Press Freedom Index, 29 places lower than in the 2015 Index. As a result of the measures adopted in the past year, it is likely to fall even further in the 2017 Index, scheduled for release in April. News Use the Digital Services Act to make democracy prevail over platform interests, RSF tells EU Receive email alerts PolandEurope – Central Asia Activities in the fieldProtecting journalistsMedia independence January 28, 2021 Find out more News Help by sharing this information to go further RSF_en With firing of four editors, “repolonisation” under way in Poland PolandEurope – Central Asia Activities in the fieldProtecting journalistsMedia independence Follow the news on Poland News Poland’s new social media law puts freedom of expression at risk, RSF warnslast_img read more

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NORTH AMERICAN HOCKEY LEAGUE: Jackalopes look to break out of rough stretch

first_img Pinterest NORTH AMERICAN HOCKEY LEAGUE: Jackalopes look to break out of rough stretch Previous articleOHS students witness Biden-Harris inaugurationNext articleHIGH SCHOOL BASKETBALL: Scoreboard for Jan. 21 Digital AIM Web Support Pinterest Odessa Jackalopes logo It has been a rough road for the Odessa Jackalopes as the calendar turned to 2021.The team suffered another sweep at NAHL South Division Lone Star over the weekend and head coach Jason Fortier is looking for a way to snap the slide.Even with the difficult set of games in recent weeks, Fortier said during his weekly press conference Wednesday that he feels his team is getting closer to finding a breakthrough.“We’re pretty much in every game, which is great, but we’re looking for that leadership to step up and those key players that really want to be impact guys to step up and perform,” Fortier said. “We’re not far off but we’re still searching for answers.”Making things a little more complicated is the reshuffling of the lineups and a few new additions to the team over the course of the last two weeks. Among the new additions include defenseman Jimmy Rayhill, forward Charles-Edward Tardiff and Jack Musa, joining his older brother Joey.Fortier spoke highly of what each of them brings to the team individually while also recognizing that it’s going to take some time for each of them to get settled in.“Systematically, they’re not going to understand everything,” he added. “We’re coming in and trying to teach maybe something a little bit new for a lot of the players.”Fortier added that he has learned a lot about the level of competition during his tenure so far in Odessa. He said that facing teams in his division has opened up his mind to what his vision for the Jackalopes is.“I would say that the South Division is the hardest division I would say from just scouting and watching. That’s why I chose to come here,” he said. “It’s a type of division that when you leave here, you’re ready to go to college and there isn’t that huge transition phase when you step into the lineup.”Up next for the Jackalopes is their third straight road series in as many weeks as the team takes on the Amarillo Bulls for a two-game series starting Friday.The big point of emphasis for Fortier is his team getting off to a better start. This will be the first meeting between the two teams since Nov. 28, a game that Odessa won 4-3.“We have to establish a good forecheck and be aggressive right off the hop is key for us and we want to have the guys buy into that right away,” Fortier said. “We always talk about the first five minutes and making sure that the defense is turning their feet and that we’re finishing checks.”>> ROAD TRIPS: Because of the recently completed SandHills Stock Show and Rodeo at the Ector County Coliseum, the Jackalopes have not a played a home game since Jan. 2. Fortier said that even though it’s been a while since the team played at home, it presents an opportunity to continue to develop both on and off the ice.“Being on the road as a hockey player and staying at a hotel makes a big difference because you get that time with the players,” Fortier said. “The guys have a little bit more time to watch video and build relationships and I think there’s some positives that come out of that.”>> SILVER LININGS: Fortier added that his team was starting to get things figured out together when it comes to everything from puck possession and getting the most out of practices. He also mentioned the goaltending as another area that has shown encouraging signs.“They’re still doing their job,” Fortier said. “They’ve got to win a few games for us when it’s close but I couldn’t sit here and be critical of them.“We have three guys that are here that are all extremely good and we believe in all of them and that’s something that we’re happy about as a team.”>> Follow Tony Venegas on Twitter at @OA_TVenegas TAGS  Twitter Twittercenter_img WhatsApp Facebook Facebook SportsJackalopesLocal News WhatsApp By Digital AIM Web Support – January 20, 2021 last_img read more

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KFO satisfied with followed EU Agrifish Council deal

first_img Further drop in people receiving PUP in Donegal Facebook Man arrested on suspicion of drugs and criminal property offences in Derry Google+ Homepage BannerNews WhatsApp Pinterest Twitter Pinterest By News Highland – December 17, 2014 Ireland has successfully resisted cuts in key whitefish quotas, following a deal brokered at the EU Agrifish council in Brussels.Significantly, the Irish quota for prawns – the fleet’s second most important fishery – has been increased by a marginal 3 per cent.For the North West region, there will be a 20% increase in monkfish quota; a doubling of the Rockall haddock quota and a 14 % increase in Donegal haddock for the ports of Greencastle and Killybegs.Chairman of the Killybegs Fishermens organisation, Sean O’Donaghue said it was a good deal for fishermen in Donegal:Audio Playerhttp://www.highlandradio.com/wp-content/uploads/2014/12/sodfish.mp300:0000:0000:00Use Up/Down Arrow keys to increase or decrease volume. Google+center_img Main Evening News, Sport and Obituaries Tuesday May 25th Facebook Previous articleDonegal media company capture beauty of Inishowen with drone footageNext articleLetterkenny AC event honours bronze medal winner Ann Marie McGlynn News Highland KFO satisfied with followed EU Agrifish Council deal Gardai continue to investigate Kilmacrennan fire 365 additional cases of Covid-19 in Republic WhatsApp 75 positive cases of Covid confirmed in North Twitter RELATED ARTICLESMORE FROM AUTHORlast_img read more

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[Contract Act] Sec 32 Instead Of Sec 56 Applies When Parties Agree In Advance On Contingency Which Makes Performance Impossible : SC

first_imgTop Stories[Contract Act] Sec 32 Instead Of Sec 56 Applies When Parties Agree In Advance On Contingency Which Makes Performance Impossible : SC LIVELAW NEWS NETWORK4 May 2020 8:11 PMShare This – xIn a recent decision in the case NAFED vs Alimenta S A, the Supreme Court had the occasion to discuss the circumstances under which the provisions of Sections 32 and 56 of the Indian Contract Act 1872 apply when the performance of a contract has become impossible.The main point in this case was whether a foreign award was opposed to public policy of India and was therefore…Your free access to Live Law has expiredTo read the article, get a premium account.Your Subscription Supports Independent JournalismSubscription starts from ₹ 599+GST (For 6 Months)View PlansPremium account gives you:Unlimited access to Live Law Archives, Weekly/Monthly Digest, Exclusive Notifications, Comments.Reading experience of Ad Free Version, Petition Copies, Judgement/Order Copies.Subscribe NowAlready a subscriber?LoginIn a recent decision in the case NAFED vs Alimenta S A, the Supreme Court had the occasion to discuss the circumstances under which the provisions of Sections 32 and 56 of the Indian Contract Act 1872 apply when the performance of a contract has become impossible.The main point in this case was whether a foreign award was opposed to public policy of India and was therefore unenforceable(separate report on that may be read here).However, the bench comprising Justices Arun Mishra, M R Shah and B R Gavai also considered the incidental question whether the contract had become void under Section 32 or Section 56 of the Contract Act.Brief FactsThe appellant in the case, National Agricultural Cooperative Marketing Federation (NAFED), had a contract with a foreign-firm Alimenta SA for supply of ground nuts.One of the conditions in the contract was that the export will be subject to the permission granted by the Government of India.Since the Government of India prohibited export of ground nuts during the particular year, NAFED could not make the exports. This led to the allegation by Alimenta SA that NAFED had committed breach of its contractual obligations. The dispute eventually culminated in an foreign arbitration award against NAFED.Alimenta sought the enforcement of arbitration award in India. When the Delhi HC allowed the application, NAFED appealed to the SC.The SC had to decide the issue whether the enforcement of award, which seeks to impose liability on NAFED for obeying the directions of the Government of India, was opposed to the public policy of India.Frustration of ContractBefore delving into that issue, the Court discussed if the contract was rendered void under Section 32 of Section 56 of the Contract Act.There was an argument by Alimenta that frustration will not rescind the contract ab initio and that legal rights already accrued under it before the event of frustration will be left undisturbed.In this connection, the Court referred to Section 32 of the Act, which states as :”32. Enforcement of contracts contingent on an event happening.— Contingent contracts to do or not to do anything if an uncertain future event happens, cannot be enforced by law unless and until that event has happened.If the event becomes impossible, such contracts become void.” Section 56 of the Contract Act deals with the agreement to do an impossible act or to do acts afterward become impossible or unlawful. It also makes the promisor liable for compensation for the non-performance of the promise, if he knew or could have known with reasonable diligence that the act was unlawful or impossible. The attempt of Alimenta was to invoke Section 56 to state that NAFED was liable for non-performance as it knew about the condition of Government of India.’Force Majeure’, ‘Act Of God’ & ‘Doctrine Of Frustration’ Under Indian Contract Act [Explainer] In that regard, the Court noted that the contract had a clear stipulation regarding the necessity of government sanction, and both the parties were thus aware of it.Since the contract itself provided for the stipulation, the Court noted that Section 32 will apply.”Section 32 of the Contract Act applies in case the agreement itself provides for contingencies upon happening of which contract cannot be carried out and provide the consequences. To this case, provisions of Section 32 of the Contract Act is attracted and not section 56″. The Court also noted that both the parties were aware of the fact that without government sanction, export would be impossible.”In the present case, because of the clear stipulation in Clause 14 of the Agreement, it is apparent that the parties have agreed for a contingent contract. They knew very well that the Government’s executive, or legislative actions might come in the way as provided in Clause 14 of the Agreement”, the Court noted.Therefore, the Court said that Section 32 of the Contract Act is attracted and not the provisions of section 56.”It was an agreement to do an act impossible in itself without permission, and that is declared to be void by section 32. The contract was capable of being performed in case the Government gave the requisite authorization. It is not an event that was not in contemplation at the time of entering into the agreement. Government permission was necessary. Section 56 is not attracted as the promisor and promisee both knew the reason in advance as in agreement such a contingency was provided itself in case of Government’s executive order comes in the way, for cancellation of the contract. Thus, the contract became void on the happening of the contingency, as provided in section 32 of the Contract Act””In this case, ‘expected event’ was a refusal by the Government as agreed to under Clause 14 of the Agreement. On the happening of such an event, it is so fundamental as to be regarded by law as striking at the root. As such, we are of the opinion that the contract was rendered void in terms of section 32 of the Contract Act”. the bench added.  Click here to download judgmentNext Storylast_img read more

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Deer signage in Inishowen must be expedited – Mc Dermott

first_img WhatsApp News, Sport and Obituaries on Monday May 24th Pinterest AudioHomepage BannerNews DL Debate – 24/05/21 Twitter RELATED ARTICLESMORE FROM AUTHOR Arranmore progress and potential flagged as population grows The Cathaoirleach of the Inishowen Municipal District fears there will be a fatality unless signage warning of deer crossing is erected in the peninsula.Donegal County Council had previously agreed to install signage on the Malin to Culdaff, Malin to Carndonagh and Ballyliffin to Carndonagh roads but Councillor Martin McDermott has raised serious concern over the delay in the process.He says this is something that needs to be acted upon without any further delay…….. Facebook Pinterest Twitter Important message for people attending LUH’s INR clinic Facebook Deer signage in Inishowen must be expedited – Mc Dermott Previous articleO’Donnell praises team as GE bid beginsNext articleEight people awaiting in-patient beds at LUH News Highland By News Highland – January 16, 2020 Derry draw with Pats: Higgins & Thomson Reaction FT Report: Derry City 2 St Pats 2 Google+ Audio Playerhttp://www.highlandradio.com/wp-content/uploads/2020/01/martindeer1pm.mp300:0000:0000:00Use Up/Down Arrow keys to increase or decrease volume. Google+ WhatsApplast_img read more

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